Culture of Koraput
Religions in KoraputThe city stands as a standing example of diversity. Although the city is dominated by the Hindu population the Christians and the Muslims also form a significant population. The city popularly referred as the city of tribes has a rich cultural and ethnic heritage which makes the city even more appealing to the tourists. The city houses various holy shrines like Gupteshwar also known as hidden god, Sabara Srikhetra which denotes the Jagannath Temple attracts lacks of tourists to the city especially during festivals like Maha Shivratri and Jagannath rath yatra.
Languages in KoraputOriya is the most commonly spoken language by the people of Koraput. Because of the location of the city in close proximity to Andhra Pradesh the people of Korpaut also speak Telugu. All administrative communications, announcements, media interactions are done in Hindi. The city being an adobe to the tribal populace Tribal Dialects are also significant in the city.
Festivals in KoraputThe city takes pride in celebrating all the major festivals like Diwali, Eid, Holi, Karwa Chauth,Maha Shiva Ratri or Dusshera with fervor and enthusiasm. The traditional Parab festival showcases the cultural ethnicity of the city.
Parab Festival: the carnival of cultural HeritageA carnival of indigenous tribes, Parab fetival is being planned by District Council of Culture, Koraput from 1996. This fair of the State is distinctive of this sort intending to mark out buried talent in the field of fine art, traditions, customs and games at grass-root level and to uphold the wealthy edifying legacy of this district.
In a month-long fiesta intended to conserve the affluent traditional inheritance and local distinctiveness of the tribal which was never given suitable publicity and acknowledgment, was effectively featured. The celebration crafts immense sensation and competitive strength among the countryside society that facilitates in carrying out cultural activities in their atmosphere and also conserving their fine art and expertise so as to lend a hand in the preservation and improvement of prosperous artistic and enriching customs and legacy against the peril of destruction because of swift industrialization, urbanization and globalization.
Competitive programmes in conventional events of music, tribal dances, folk dances, songs, etc facilitated in the conservation of ethnic cultural legacy of this region. It is a mission to uphold and shelter the wealthy customary skill, dexterity and traditions of this cosmic district. Other than these events there are other events like quiz, essay competitions among the school students and competitions for the physically disabled children to inculcate the competitive spirit and create awareness on the cultural legacy of the region. Besides these there are Craft Mela, Artist Camp, Boat race,Cycle race and colloquium are organized to exhibit their cultural heritage. Mountain Trekking on Deomali Hill Rance, the highest mountain peak of Orissa makes the carnival an immense event.
Positioned amidst the pristine magnificence of the Eastern Ghats, Koraput is an abode to numerous tribal communities for whom festivals are an integral part of the civilization. They rejoice diverse junctures of their lives with analogous to ‘PARABs’ like Pusa parab, Chait parab, Diali parab, Pond parab, etc. To respect their ethnicity, the District Council of Culture, Koraput determined to christen its yearly festival as “PARAB”. Koraput region, being the medley of tribal life and traditions of the nation, precise prominence is being set to emphasize this enriching inheritance through PARAB and to institute it as a National Festival of indigenous people and celebration of tribals.
PARAB carnival was set in motion in such a gifted moment that the festival not only became the most well-liked merriment of the region but also one of the leading celebrations of the State. In reality the carnival brought an artistic celebration in the State. Subsequent to this festival in Koraput many neighboring regions began rejoicing events in a spirited style. In addition several districts began rejoicing festivals like Sambalpur Folk Dance Festival, Puri Sahi Jatra, Ganjam-Surabhi, Malkangiri-Malyabanta Mahotsav.
Art, Weaving and Paintings in KoraputKoraput is famous for its fine art and paintings. Saura painting is a technique of wall mural paintings related with the Saura tribals of koraput. These paintings are of worldwide significance and contribute greatly to the economy of the city.
The Mirigan WeavingThe weaving proficiency in the region is greatly evolved and its fabrics bear testimony to the unique and artistic ability and tradition of the weavers of this state. The ethnic weave of Kotpad village in the District is conventionally woven in gorgeous thick cotton and tussar silk. The utilization of natural pigments extracted from the roots of the Madder tree also referred as aal tree makes it distinct from remaining weaves. Koraput Weaving employs a three-shuttle intertwine prototype, which permits countless combinations in level and quantity.
The "Mirgan" society of Kotpad region in Koraput district is acknowledged for their beautiful natural colored fabric. They typically knit this fabric for "Bhotada", "Dharua” and other adjoining tribal society depicting their particular culture and ethnicity. The most significant and eye-catching fabric fashioned by this society are Sarees and Shawl etc. The fabric woven by the Mirgan community is incredibly contented to be dressed in all through summer and wintry weather. These fabrics are in huge demand both in India and overseas. It is believed that the use of these fabrics prevents one from skin diseases because of the presence of natural dyes.